Prevention 101

Northwoods Coalition uses different best practices to advance our substance use prevention work, including SAMSHA's Strategic Prevention Framework and CADCA's 7 Strategies for Community Change. 



Strategic Prevention Framework

  1. Assessment: Identify local prevention needs based on data (What is the problem?)
  2. Capacity: Build local resources and readiness to address prevention needs (What do you have to work with?)
  3. Planning: Find out what works to address prevention needs and how to do it well (What should you do and how should you do it?)
  4. Implementation: Deliver evidence-based programs and practices as intended (How can you put your plan into action?)
  5. Evaluation: Examine the process and outcomes of programs and practices (Is your plan succeeding?)

The SPF is also guided by two principles that should be integrated in to each of the steps:

  • Cultural Competence: The ability of an individual or organization to understand and interact effectively with people who have different values, lifestyles, and traditions based on their distinctive heritage and social relationships. 
  • Sustainability: The process of building an adaptive and effective system that achieves and maintains desired long-term results. 










To learn more, visit

CADCA's Seven Strategies for Community Change

  1. Providing Information: Educational presentations or other presentations of data.
  2. Enhancing Skills: Workshops, seminars or other activities designed to increase the skills of participants, members and staff needed to achieve population level outcomes. 
  3. Providing Support: Supporting people in activities that reduce risk or enhance protection.
  4. Enhancing Access/ Reducing Barriers: Improving systems and processes to increase utilization of systems and services. 
  5. Changing Consequences: Changing the consequences for behavior that reduces risk or enhances protection against substance misuse. 
  6. Physical Design: Changing the physical design or structure of the environment to reduce risk or enhance protection. 
  7. Modifying/ Changing Policies: Formal change in written procedures, by-laws, proclamations, rules or laws with written documentation and/or voting procedures.


To learn more, visit